Making spectacles with no safety procedures.

Opticians in Nepal

(Note: Post from 2018)

Most of the people do not know that the spectacle you wear is not made and fitted by machines. Although there are recent advancements in technology, some machines can make spectacles, but not in all parts of the world is the facility available. A spectacle or simple eyewear glass comprises multiple portions that help a person see. The supreme body of a spectacle is called "Frame". A frame is just the outer portion that holds the lenses together. Some unique brands and companies design the frames, seeing the needs of distinct people. Distinct people will have uncommon types of frame sizes. The distance between the two eyes and the size of the head is the most valuable piece of information for the selection of a frame. The optometrist doing the Refraction makes sure that frames are selected on factors like interpupillary distance, size of the head, etc. Refraction in an eye is a whole process of checking the dioptric errors present in the eye power (Refractive Error) and correcting the errors with the help of glasses. 
People can select a frame according to their needs. Frames of unique designs, colors, and durability are also available in the market. Frames in adults and children are different because of the size of the head. Men's frame differs from that of Female's Frame. Youngsters choose fashionable frames while old people choose durable ones. Another of the most important part of a spectacle is lenses. The circular part or rectangular part of the frame holds the two lenses into it. The two lenses; each for both of the eyes, is consist of the suitable power in dioptres (Unit for measurement of lenses). The frame surrounds both of the lenses and the two long projections from the anterior part of the spectacle reach the ears. The part is called a temple that rests on the ears. The lens holding a portion of the frame rests on the nose with a part of it called "Nose pad". Hinges and screws bind the lens portion and the Temple portion together.

Buying glass in city areas of the world is quite a simple task to do. There are lots of hospitals and optical shops available in different parts of the world while finding an eye glass in impossible in remote villages as they dont have any optical shops. We call the person a "Optician" who fits the glasses. Unlike optometrists, the optician has to work on the glass prescription given to a patient. The job of opticians can be harder sometimes. They have to play with cutting and edging machines. Different safety procedures are used to protect against the minor piece of glasses that could cut limbs or go directly to our eyes. An optician has to make sure that the prescription having cylinder power is on the correct axis. Unlike simple powers of lenses having spherical power(Lens having the same power at all the axis), working on cylindrical is a tough job to do. A slight change in axis of cylindrical glass lens having unique powers in the different axis, can make patients have blurry and distorted vision afterward. 
The place where I worked was a dangerous place for an optician to work😃. In remote parts of Nepal, People still have less access to the eye care facility. Those places with eye facilities available have limited resources to work with and optician working there is not well trained to use safety measures. Beyond the lack of safety measures, and taking risks, these opticians have perfection in glazing, edging, and fitting.
Here is a video of an optician lady of my place where she makes glass with bare hands in less in than 15 minutes.

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